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Fill the gap! China's first undergraduate major in brain science established

来源:科技日报 本报记者张盖伦 2020-01-09 00:00 Source: Science and Technology Daily reporter Zhang Gailun

Domestic universities will launch undergraduate education in the field of brain science for the first time. Recently, Zhejiang University established the School of Brain Science and Brain Medicine, which plans to set up two directions: biomedical (neuroscience) and clinical medicine (neuropsychiatry) to fill the gap in undergraduate neuroscience.

"At present, graduate students in brain science are mainly undergraduates who majored in biology and biotechnology. They have received almost no education in neuroscience related knowledge at the undergraduate stage, which is not conducive to their scientific research." Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhejiang University Duan Shumin, dean of the School of Brain Science and Brain Medicine, said that brain science is a highly cross-integrated specialty that requires background knowledge in the fields of mathematics and physics, computing, informatics, biology, medicine, and biomedical engineering. "Providing students with interdisciplinary education and training from the undergraduate stage can provide strong support for the professional development of their brain science research." Duan Shumin emphasized.

Talent gap brings training needs

Brain science is one of the most challenging frontiers. "The scale and demand of brain science research has greatly exceeded many first-level disciplines. But among the more than 400 undergraduate majors offered by ordinary universities in China, there is no major in neuroscience." Duan Shumin said.

He explained that what we usually call "brain science" overlaps with the more specialized expression "neuroscience", but the latter has a wider scope of research.

Zhou Yudong, deputy dean of the School of Brain Science and Brain Medicine of Zhejiang University, said that the "Outline of the" Healthy China 2030 "Plan" clearly pointed out the need to strengthen the cultivation of high-level medical talents in social shortages such as brain medicine. "At present, there are very few doctors in brain medicine related fields. According to statistics, there is a gap of more than 100,000 psychiatrists across the country. Training high-level brain medicine talents has become a major social need related to the development of the country." Zhou Yudong emphasized.

Duan Shumin has been committed to promoting the development of brain science in China. He told the Science and Technology Daily reporter that the cutting-edge and challenging nature of brain science determines the long-term nature of brain science research. "Planting trees for ten years and educating people for 100 years. We believe that adherence to long-term, high-quality brain science and brain medical education will continue to provide first-class talents for brain science research and diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases, and for China's brain science research and brain diseases Make an important contribution to diagnosis and treatment. "

Brain science and brain medicine each have their own emphasis

Brain science research is closely related to the country's major strategic needs. It must not only solve the most challenging frontier scientific problems, but also help overcome major brain diseases that seriously endanger people's physical and mental health.

Li Xiaoming, Executive Deputy Dean of Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Professor of School of Brain Science and Brain Medicine of Zhejiang University, introduced that the two undergraduate professional directions set up by the college are to train future high-level brain science innovative research talents and high-level neurology and neurosurgery And psychiatrists.

Each has its own emphasis.

The direction of neuroscience is mainly to cultivate the compound talents of neuroscience research and practical innovation with solid neuroscience theoretical knowledge, the ability to innovate and practice in neuroscience research, an international perspective and full of humanistic national feelings, and a correct outlook on life and values.

The direction of neuropsychiatry is competence-oriented, training innovative high-quality neuromedical talents with good humanities, scientific literacy and professional ethics, solid professional knowledge, excellent clinical ability and international competitiveness, mainly to cultivate high-level neurology , Neurosurgeons and psychiatrists.

Setting up two directions of brain science and brain medicine in one college also provides opportunities for communication and cross-cultivation of students from different directions. Li Xiaoming said that this will help to achieve the connection between scientific research and clinical practice and further cultivate compound talents. "Brain science (neuroscience) and brain medicine (neuropsychiatry) are essentially two sides of the same body. A good brain science researcher must start from the clinical practical problems of brain medicine; and an outstanding brain medical expert must also Learn from basic innovation research. "

Zhejiang University also launched the "Double Brain Project" in 2018 to promote the integration of brain science and artificial intelligence research. In the training of two undergraduate courses, the college will also set up courses related to artificial intelligence. "We will soon set up an undergraduate specialty in neuroengineering that intersects with artificial intelligence, and train innovative talents who are proficient in the working principles of the brain and apply it to brain-like artificial intelligence." Li Xiaoming said.

(Responsible editor: Wang Wei)

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